21st Century (2013). Composer Frank Lynn Payne says, "The Short Sonata for tuba and piano came together over a period of years morphing from one form to another. All three movements are tonal, but certainly not in a particular key. Indeed, the tonal progressions are based in large part on Paul Hindemith's observations of dissonance which by repetition begins to sound 'normal' to the ear. The third movement contains elements of minimalism along with the strong flavor of a rondo."